Dyspepsia (also known as Indigestion) is a word used to describe stomach pain or discomfort after eating. It is not a disease on its own, but a group of symptoms (such as stomach pain, bloating, or a sense of fullness) you feel soon after eating.
What causes indigestion?
The most common type of indigestion is known as functional dyspepsia. The exact cause of functional dyspepsia is unknown but it is often related to lifestyle. It may be triggered by food, drink or medication. For example:
Functional dyspepsia accounts for 70% of cases of indigestion. Other causes include:
Other causes, such as cancer, heart disease, disease of the digestive tract and medication effects are rare.
What are the symptoms of indigestion?
People with indigestion often experience:
When to see your doctor about indigestion
Mild indigestion that happens now and again is common and usually nothing to worry about. However, it is important to see your doctor if the discomfort is severe and ongoing, or if you have indigestion in combination with the following symptoms or risk factors:
These symptoms could indicate a more serious underlying medical condition and can be easily confused with heart problems, such as angina. Sometimes indigestion can be a symptom of another digestive disease, such as stomach ulcers or acid reflux.
How is indigestion diagnosed?
To diagnosis indigestion, your doctor will take a detailed history and conduct a physical examination to try to identify any possible causes for your indigestion.
Sometimes your doctor might want you to have an endoscopy. This may be because your symptoms suggest a disease of your digestive track, or it may be because you have had no improvement in symptoms after making lifestyle changes and still have stomach pain after taking an indigestion medicine for 8 weeks.
Self care for indigestion
In about 8 out of 10 people, indigestion symptoms can settle by making some simple changes such as healthier eating or losing weight. The following tips may help prevent indigestion:
What are the treatment options for indigestion?
For mild indigestion that happens now and again, antacids may be helpful in relieving the symptoms. These work by neutralising stomach acid.
If your symptoms are causing ongoing pain and discomfort, see your doctor for a proper check. Treatment will depend on what is causing your indigestion.
If you have discomfort, bloating, feeling full and nausea, you may need to take a medication that helps gut movement (eg, domperidone)
If you have a stomach ulcer or acid reflux, you may need to take an acid-blocking medicine such as ranitidine, famotidine or a proton pump inhibitor.
If a bacterial infection is causing your symptoms, antibiotics will be prescribed.
If your doctor thinks that a medicine you're taking may be causing your indigestion, you might need to change medicines.
If depression or anxiety is thought to be leading to stomach pain, antidepressant or anti-anxiety medication may be prescribed.
Tell your doctor if your symptoms persist after taking the prescribed medication. Your medicine may need to be changed or further tests arranged.
Source : https://www.healthnavigator.org.nz/health-a-z/i/indigestion/