Jalan Kartika Plaza No.90, Kuta, Badung Regency, Bali, Indonesia

Hypothermia

Our clinic is located in the heart of the Kuta area and is within the reach of the tourist areas of Seminyak and Nusa Dua.

2020-01-29
Healthy Holiday Tips

Hypothermia

by HYPOTHERMIA

HYPOTHERMIA

Hypothermia is a severe condition in which the body temperature drops to an abnormally low level. The normal body temperature itself within 36 to 37.5 Celsius.  It occurs when the body is unable to produce enough heat to counter the heat that it is losing.

The part of the brain that controls body temperature is called the hypothalamus. When the hypothalamus recognizes changes in body temperature, it initiates body responses to bring the temperature back in line.

The body produces heat during routine metabolic processes in cells that support vital bodily functions. Most heat leaves the body through the skin's surface by the processes of convection, conduction, radiation, and evaporation.

If the environment becomes colder, the body shivers. This increase in muscle activity generates more heat. However, if the body loses heat more quickly than it can make it, the core temperature will fall.

 

Signs and symptoms of hypothermia include:

  • Shivering
  • Slurred speech or mumbling
  • Slow, shallow breathing
  • Weak pulse
  • Clumsiness or lack of coordination
  • Drowsiness or very low energy
  • Confusion or memory loss
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Bright red, cold skin (in infants)

 

First aid treatment

Anyone with symptoms of hypothermia will need immediate medical assistance.

Until medical assistance arrives, taking the following action can help:

  • moving the person to a warm, dry place, if possible, or sheltering them from the elements
  • removing wet clothing, cutting items away if necessary
  • covering their whole body and head with blankets, leaving only the face clear
  • putting the individual on a blanket to insulate them from the ground
  • monitoring breathing and carrying out CPR if breathing stops
  • providing skin-to-skin contact, if possible, by removing clothing and wrapping yourself and the individual in the blanket together to transfer heat
  • providing warm drinks, if the individual is conscious, but no alcohol or caffeine

 

Prevention

Understanding and being prepared for hypothermia is integral to its prevention.

People are at higher risk if they:

  • work outdoors in cold weather
  • practice snow sports, watersports, or other outdoor activities
  • are at home during winter weather, especially older people
  • are stranded in a vehicle in severe winter conditions
  • are sleeping rough
  • have other medical conditions
  • use alcohol or illicit drugs

 

 

 

Source:

  1. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/182197
  2. https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/what-is-hypothermia
  3. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hypothermia

 

BOOK AN APPOINTMENT

!
!
!
!
!
!
Cancel
Please select a doctor
Book