Jalan Kartika Plaza No.90, Kuta, Badung Regency, Bali, Indonesia

Stroke: Causes, Symptom, and Treatment

Our clinic is located in the heart of the Kuta area and is within the reach of the tourist areas of Seminyak and Nusa Dua.

2019-08-06
Healthy Holiday Tips

Stroke: Causes, Symptom, and Treatment

by Dhani Anggara, MD

STROKE

Vacationing is one of the fun activities, people spend about 2 weeks a year on vacation. But when you are on vacation and then you or one of your family members has a stroke, what will you do? This week's article from KMC Clinic will discuss stroke, hopefully we can give you a little enlightenment. Strokes are brain attacks. They occur when the blood supply to the brain becomes blocked. A stroke is a medical emergency that needs immediate medical attention.

There are two types of stroke:

Ischemic stroke is similar to a heart attack, except it occurs in the blood vessels of the brain. Clots can form in the brain's blood vessels, in blood vessels leading to the brain, or even in blood vessels elsewhere in the body and then travel to the brain.

Hemorrhagic strokes occur when a blood vessel in the brain breaks or ruptures. The result is blood seeping into the brain tissue, causing damage to brain cells.

The most common symptoms of a stroke are:

  • Weakness or numbness of the face, arm, or leg on one side of the body
  • Loss of vision or dimming (like a curtain falling) in one or both eyes
  • Loss of speech, difficulty talking, or understanding what others are saying
  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause
  • Loss of balance or unstable walking, usually combined with another symptom

 

Risk factors

Many factors can increase your stroke risk. Some factors can also increase your chances of having a heart attack. Potentially treatable stroke risk factors include:

Lifestyle risk factors

  • Being overweight or obese
  • Physical inactivity
  • Heavy or binge drinking
  • Use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamines

Medical risk factors

  • Blood pressure readings higher than 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg)
  • Cigarette smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Cardiovascular disease, including heart failure, heart defects, heart infection or abnormal heart rhythm
  • Personal or family history of stroke, heart attack or transient ischemic attack.

 

Prevention

Many stroke prevention strategies are the same as strategies to prevent heart disease. In general, healthy lifestyle recommendations include:

  • Controlling high blood pressure (hypertension).
  • Exercising, managing stress, maintaining a healthy weight and limiting the amount of sodium and alcohol you eat and drink can all help to keep high blood pressure in check..
  • Lowering the amount of cholesterol and saturated fat in your diet.
  • Quitting tobacco use.
  • Controlling diabetes.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
  • Exercising regularly.
  • Drinking alcohol in moderation, if at all.
  • Treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
  • Avoiding illegal drugs.

 

What Should I Do If I Experience Stroke Symptoms?

Immediately call KMC Clinic on +62361766154 if you or someone you know has symptoms of a stroke. Stroke is a medical emergency. Immediate treatment can save your life or increase your chances of a full recovery.

 

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