Jalan Kartika Plaza No.90, Kuta, Badung Regency, Bali, Indonesia

What Are Cataracts?

Our clinic is located in the heart of the Kuta area and is within the reach of the tourist areas of Seminyak and Nusa Dua.

2019-11-17
Nice to Know

What Are Cataracts?

by Dhani Anggara, MD

CATARACT

Cataract is the clouding of the eyes natural lens. It is the most common cause of vision loss in people over age 40 and is also the principal cause of blindness in the world. Most cataracts develop slowly and don't disturb your eyesight early on. But with time, cataracts will eventually interfere with your vision. At first, stronger lighting and eyeglasses can help you deal with cataracts. But if impaired vision interferes with your usual activities, you might need cataract surgery. Fortunately, cataract surgery is generally a safe, effective procedure.

 

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Clouded, blurred or dim vision
  • Increasing difficulty with vision at night
  • Sensitivity to light and glare
  • Need for brighter light for reading and other activities
  • Seeing "halos" around lights
  • Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription
  • Fading or yellowing of colors
  • Double vision in a single eye

At first, the cloudiness in your vision caused by a cataract may affect only a small part of the eye's lens and you may be unaware of any vision loss. As the cataract grows larger, it clouds more of your lens and distorts the light passing through the lens. This may lead to more noticeable symptoms.

 

Risk Factors of Cataracts

Risk factors associated with cataracts include:

 

  • older age
  • heavy alcohol use
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • previous eye injuries
  • a family history of cataracts
  • too much sun exposure
  • diabetes
  • exposure to radiation from X-rays and cancer treatments

 

Prevention of Cataracts

To reduce your risk of developing cataracts:

  • protect your eyes from UVB rays by wearing sunglasses outside
  • have regular eye exams
  • stop smoking
  • eat fruits and vegetables that contain antioxidants
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • keep diabetes and other medical conditions in check

 

Treatment of Cataracts

If you’re unable or uninterested in surgery, your doctor may be able to help you manage your symptoms. They may suggest stronger eyeglasses, magnifying lenses, or sunglasses with an anti-glare coating.

 

 

Source:

  1. https://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/cataracts.htm
  2. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cataracts/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20353795
  3. https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-are-cataracts

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