Jalan Kartika Plaza No.90, Kuta, Badung Regency, Bali, Indonesia

Diarrhea

Our clinic is located in the heart of the Kuta area and is within the reach of the tourist areas of Seminyak and Nusa Dua.

2018-09-24
Tropical Diseases

Diarrhea

by Danendra Dhanny, MD

DIARRHEA

What is diarrhea?

Diarrhea is a disease characterized by defecation that is soft or runny, or need to go back and forth to the toilet. Diarrhea can occur to anyone both adults and children.

Depending on how long diarrhea lasts, there are 3 types of diarrhea:

  • Acute diarrhea lasting several days to a week.
  • Prolong diarrhea which lasts for 1-2 weeks.
  • Chronic diarrhea lasting more than 3 weeks.

 

Signs & symptoms

What are the characteristics and symptoms of diarrhea?

Symptoms and characteristics of diarrhea are:

  • Soft and runny stool
  • Stomach ache
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Continuous thirst
  • Fever

There may be signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult to us.

 

 

When should I see a doctor?

Diarrhea is a serious disease if it occurs in your baby and child. Diarrhea can cause serious dehydration and lead to conditions that endanger lives in a short time.

You need to contact a doctor if you see these symptoms in your child:

  • Urine production decreases
  • Dry mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Dry skin
  • Sleepy

Seek medical attention immediately if the following symptoms occur in your child:

  • Symptoms of dehydration, such as cold hands and feet, pale skin, rarely urinating, irritability, or drowsiness
  • High fever
  • Stool contains blood and pus
  • Black stool

Diarrhea in adults

You need to contact a doctor if you experience the following symptoms:

  • Dark stools that indicate blood in the stool
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Lack of sleep
  • Weight loss

If you have the signs or symptoms above or other questions, consult your doctor. The body of each person is different. Always consult a doctor to handle your health condition.

Cause

What causes diarrhea?

Here are the things that can trigger or cause diarrhea:

  • Food intolerance, such as lactose
  • Food allergies
  • Side effects of certain drugs
  • Bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections
  • Intestinal disease

Risk factors

Who is at risk of developing diarrhea?

In addition to medical diseases, the following habits can also make a person more susceptible to diarrhea, include :

  • Wash your hands rarely after going to the toilet
  • Unclean storage and food preparation
  • It's rare to clean the kitchen and toilet
  • Unclean water sources
  • Eat leftovers that are already cold
  • Do not wash your hands with soap

How to diagnose diarrhea?

Your doctor will perform several physical examinations and see your medical history in identifying the causes of diarrhea. The doctor can ask several things, such as:

  • What do you feel?
  • How often do you go to the toilet?
  • What foods do you consume before experiencing diarrhea?
  • Have you been taking certain medications lately?
  • What other symptoms do you experience?

In some cases, your doctor may ask you to take additional tests to find out more about your condition, such as:

  • Blood test
  • Urine and feces tests
  • Rectal examination

What is the usual diarrhea medication used?

The cure for mild diarrhea is only the consumption of lots of fluids to replace fluid loss. This means you need to drink more water or electrolyte drinks, such as energy drinks. For more serious diarrhea, the medication may be an infusion. If diarrhea is caused by a bacterial infection, the doctor will give antibiotics.

Doctors or pharmacists can provide oral rehydration fluid (a type of fluid replacement to prevent or overcome dehydration, especially those caused by bacteria) to prevent dehydration. Rehydration fluid can provide the body with glucose, other important salts and minerals that are lost during dehydration. Oral rehydration fluid is suitable for diarrhea for children and the elderly, and is sold in pharmacies without a prescription.

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