Jalan Kartika Plaza No.90, Kuta, Badung Regency, Bali, Indonesia

Rabies

Our clinic is located in the heart of the Kuta area and is within the reach of the tourist areas of Seminyak and Nusa Dua.

2018-09-24
Tropical Diseases

Rabies

by Danendra Dhanny, MD

Rabies is a neurological disease caused mainly by the rabies virus (RABV) and is almost invariably fatal once clinical symptoms develop. Rabies virus is present in the saliva of infected animals. People are usually exposed to rabies through a bite or scratch from a rabid animal. The virus may also enter the body through a lick on broken skin or a lick on the eyes, nose or mouth. Dogs are the most common source of infection to humans. In many parts of the world other animals such as bats, monkeys and cats are a source of potential exposure to the disease.

Rabies is found around the world, except Antarctica. Travelers who may come into contact with wild or domestic animals are at risk for rabies. This includes travelers spending a lot of time outdoors (such as campers and cavers), travelers with occupational risks (such as veterinarians and wildlife professionals), and long-term travelers and expatriates. Children are also at higher risk because they often play with animals, might not report bites, and are more likely to be bitten on the head and neck.

In many countries the risk of rabies is similar to the United States, including most of Europe, Japan, Canada, and Australia. However, in many other parts of the world, rabies in dogs is still a problem, and access to preventive treatment may be hard. These areas include much of Africa, Asia, and Central and South America. Getting a rabies vaccination before your trip may be recommended, if you have a plan traveling to a country where there is an increased risk of rabies, especially in dogs. If you think you have been exposed to rabies virus, basic first aid should be applied:

  • Saliva should be thoroughly washed off with soap and water and the wound washed with iodine solution or alcohol.
  • This is very effective in removing virus from the bite, providing it is prompt and thorough.
  • Suturing of any wound should be avoided and tetanus vaccination may be needed.

It is imperative to seek medical attention as soon as possible if a bite or scratch is sustained even if pre-travel vaccination has been given. The attending doctor will determine the risk of rabies and administer the appropriate treatment.

Source:

www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk

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