Jalan Kartika Plaza No.90, Kuta, Badung Regency, Bali, Indonesia

what is Zika Virus?

Our clinic is located in the heart of the Kuta area and is within the reach of the tourist areas of Seminyak and Nusa Dua.

2019-01-19
Tropical Diseases

what is Zika Virus?

by Dhani Anggara, MD

Zika Virus

Zika virus disease is mainly spread by mosquitoes. For most people it's a very mild infection and isn't harmful. But it may be more serious for pregnant women, as there's evidence it causes birth defects – in particular, abnormally small heads (microcephaly). If you travel to an affected area, you can reduce your risk of catching the virus by using insect repellent and wearing loose clothing that covers your arms and legs.

 

Symptoms of Zika virus infection

Most people don't have any symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they're usually mild and last around 2 to 7 days.

Commonly reported symptoms include:

  • a rash
  • itching all over the body
  • fever
  • headache
  • joint pain (with possible swelling, mainly in the smaller joints of the hands and feet)
  • muscle pain
  • conjunctivitis (red eyes)
  • lower back pain
  • pain behind the eyes

How you catch Zika virus infection

Most cases of Zika virus disease are spread by infected mosquitoes biting humans. Unlike the mosquitoes that spread malaria, affected mosquitoes (the Aedes mosquito) are most active during the day, especially during mid-morning, then late afternoon to dusk. There have been a small number of reports of Zika virus being passed on through sexual intercourse, although the risk is thought to be low.

 

Reducing your risk of Zika virus infection 

Before travelling, seek travel health advice from your GP, practice nurse or a travel clinic, ideally 4 to 6 weeks before you go. To reduce your risk of infection, you should avoid being bitten by an Aedes mosquito.

The most effective bite prevention methods, which should be used during daytime and night-time hours, include:

  • Using insect repellent that contains DEET (N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide) on exposed skin, after sunscreen has been applied. DEET can be used by pregnant or breastfeeding women in concentrations up to 50%, and in infants and children older than 2 months. It should not be used on babies younger than 2 months.
  • Wearing loose clothing that covers your arms and legs.
  • Sleeping under a mosquito net in areas where malaria is also a risk.

 

How Zika virus infection is treated

There's no specific treatment for Zika virus symptoms. Drinking plenty of water and taking paracetamol may help relieve symptoms.

If you feel unwell after returning from a country that has malaria, as well as having a high or moderate risk of Zika virus transmission, you should seek urgent (same day) advice to help rule out a malaria diagnosis.

If you remain unwell and malaria has been shown not to be the cause, seek medical advice.

 

Source : https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/zika/

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